What is burning mouth syndrome?

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BMS causes a sudden burning, scalding, or tingling sensation in the mouth. It can occur in any area of the mouth, including the tongue, cheeks, and the roof of the mouth. Some people experience BMS on a daily basis for long periods of time, while other people only experience it periodically. BMS is a rare condition, occurring in less than 2 percent of the population. Because doctors know relatively little about the condition, it can be difficult to diagnose and treat. .


People who experience BMS report a scalding, tingling, or burning sensation occurring in the mouth. The severity of these symptoms varies between individuals. The pain or burning can last for a few hours to a few days. It may also start suddenly, disappear, and start again several months later. Some people who have BMS may feel increased pain throughout the day, while others find some relief from eating or drinking. Additional symptoms may include:

  • numbness
  • dry mouth
  • altered taste in the mouth


BMS may be classified by either its cause or symptoms. There are three different types of BMS based on its symptoms:

  • Type 1: A person wakes with no burning, but symptoms increase throughout the day. People with diabetes who experience BMS are likely to have this type.
  • Type 2: People have persistent symptoms during the day but no symptoms at night. This often coincides with chronic anxiety.
  • Type 3: Symptoms are intermittent and may be related to food allergies.


Burning mouth syndrome can be painful and irritating. Unfortunately, this unpredictable condition can last for up to several months and may recur. In some cases, a person may be able to identify and treat the underlying cause of BMS. BMS will not lead to any further complications, but a person should still speak to a doctor about their symptoms.

Orginal article from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320026.php

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